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Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East

Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East لتحميل الورقة
This book focuses on Civil-Military Relations (CMR) in Egypt, a country that
witnessed uprisings calling for democratic change in January 2011, which
led to the ousting of Hosni Mubarak from the Presidency, the suspension of
the constitution, and the dissolution of the parliament as well as the ruling
of the National Democratic Party (NDP). Ironically, revolutionary forces in
Egypt were dependent on the Egyptian military in taking these steps, with the
military ultimately taking power some 30 months later.
This work is guided by a number of questions, the foremost being “what
strategies might help Egypt’s civilians keep the military at bay?” In order to
address this guiding question, further sub questions need to be answered
regarding factors governing CMR in Turkey and Egypt, and the military’s
stance on civil-Islamist competition in these countries. Specifically, these sub
questions are “Why is the Egyptian army once again at the forefront of the
country’s political scene only one year after the SCAF delivered authority to
an elected president?” and “How, in general terms, might Egypt benefit from
the Turkish experience, the latter having made considerable progress along
the lengthy pathway to civilian control?
European pressphoto agency (epa)