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Has Western involvement in the Arab Spring generated more scepticism in North Africa and the Middle East about foreign influence? This study compares public opinion about foreign influence across five MENA countries: Iraq, Libya, Egypt, Yemen, and Tunisia. Using data sets from the second and third waves of the Arab Barometer, the study compares the periods pre- and post-2011.
Results show that, since the Arab Spring, the Middle East populations place greater emphasis on domestic issues; are increasingly doubtful about the benefits of foreign influence; and desire better economic ties with the US and others.
Photo: European Pressphoto agency