Libya from Paramilitary Forces to Militias: The Difficulty of Constructing a State Security Apparatus
When the Gaddafi regime was toppled in 2011, it left behind a security vacuum that has been filled by powerful regional militias. A peaceful future for Libya may involve the institutionalisation of these militias and the development of a cooperative system of decentralised federalism.
Syria’s Cultural Priorities: Culture as a Component of the Syrian Transition
For Syrians, culture is the recipient into which are poured all the political, military, human and social developments experienced over the past three years. This paper is the beginning of a search for consensus on the role of culture in the deep and complex currents of change that the Syrian people are experiencing today.
Spotlight on Geneva while Syria Sinks in the Quicksands
That the first round of talks in Geneva in the last week of January achieved nothing as Mr Brahimi admitted, is not a surprise. But is there a strategy? For there to be one, it must connect the political negotiations to action on the ground.
The crisis that has overwhelmed Syria since 2011 has not only led to millions of Syrians fleeing to neighboring states or being displaced within Syria but has also caused many direct health problems, including the resurfacing of childhood diseases such as polio. In such a crisis situation, the articulation of an appropriate health policy is essential. While a great number of studies have focused on the security and political dimensions of the conflict, few consider the population’s healthcare. This paper outlines ideas for a renewed focus, even during this time of crisis, on the preparation of health policies that respond to Syria’s current challenges and to its future needs.
Political Geography of the Kurdish Issue and Its Relationship with the Syrian National Revolution
This paper addresses the Kurdish issue in Syria and its interconnected national and regional dimensions. It looks at the issue from a historical perspective that reveals a close relationship between the Arab and regional levels, and how the interaction between these two levels has impacted the national consciousness of Syria’s Kurds, and the Kurdish political movement as a whole, up until the Arab Spring revolutions, in particular the Syrian revolution.
The Jordanian Elections: No More than Deepening the Crisis
The latest Jordanian parliamentary elections were held against the backdrop of a political and social crisis. The outcome of these elections prolonged the status quo but they also doomed the country to fail in standing-up to the looming challenges.
This paper analyzes the potential repercussions of the Syrian Revolution’s shift towards political Islam and all the challenges that might entail in terms of pushing other societal groups towards sectarian and ethnic entrenchment to the detriment of Syrian national identity.
Crisis without End: Story of Egypt’s Democratic Transition
The paper tries to assess Egypt’s transition. The author argues that it is useless to restrict one’s thoughts to procedural aspects of transition without examining the substantive socio-economic dimensions of the on-going fundamental struggle.